Gun Laws

Gun Laws By State

 

Alabama Gun Laws MONDAY, JUNE 9, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION -- Article 1, Section 26

(a) Every citizen has a fundamental right to bear arms in defense of himself or herself and the state. Any restriction on this right shall be subject to strict scrutiny.

(b) No citizen shall be compelled by any international treaty or international law to take an action that prohibits, limits, or otherwise interferes with his or her fundamental right to keep and bear arms in defense of himself or herself and the state, if such treaty or law, or its adoption, violates the United States Constitution.

 

 

Alaska Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION -- Article 1, Section 19.

“A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. The individual right to keep and bear arms shall not be denied or infringed by the state or political subdivision of the State.”

 

 

Arizona Gun Laws TUESDAY, JUNE 23, 2015

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION -- Article 2, Section 26.

“The right of the individual citizen to bear arms in defense of himself or the State shall not be impaired, but nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing individuals or corporations to organize, maintain, or employ an armed body of men.” 

 

 

Arkansas Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION -- Article 2, Section 5.

“The citizens of this State shall have the right to keep for their common defense.” 

 

 

California Gun Laws FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 2014

 

 

Colorado Gun Laws FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article II, Section 13.

“The right of no person to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person and property, or in aid of the civil power when thereto legally summoned, shall be called in question; but nothing herein contained shall be construed to justify the practice of carrying concealed weapons.”

 

 

Connecticut Gun Laws FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 15.

“Every citizen has a right to bear arms in defense of himself and the state.”

 

 

Delaware Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, §20.

“A person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of self, family, home and state, and for hunting and recreational use.”

 

 

Florida Gun Laws TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 8.

“(a) The right of the people to keep and bear arms in defense of themselves and of the lawful authority of the state shall not be infringed, except that the manner of bearing arms may be regulated by law. (b) There shall be a mandatory period of three days, excluding weekends and legal holidays, between the purchase and delivery at retail of any handgun. For the purposes of this section, “purchase” means the transfer of money or other valuable consideration to the retailer, and “handgun” means a firearm capable of being carried and used by one hand, such as a pistol or revolver. Holders of a concealed weapon permit as prescribed in Florida law shall not be subject to the provisions of this paragraph. (c) . . . anyone violating the provisions of subsection (b) shall be guilty of a felony. (d) This restriction shall not apply to a trade in of another handgun.” Article 1, Section 8.

The legislature of the State of Florida, in a declaration of policy incorporated in its “Weapons and Firearms” statute, recognizes that adult citizens of the state retain their constitutional right to keep and bear firearms for hunting and sporting activities and for defense of self, family, home, and business and as collectibles.

 

 

Georgia Gun Laws TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 1, Paragraph VIII.

“The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed, but the General Assembly shall have power to prescribe the manner in which arms may be borne.”

 

 

Hawaii Gun Laws TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 15.

“A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

 

 

Idaho Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 11.

“The people have the right to keep and bear arms, which right shall not be abridged; but this provision shall not prevent the passage of laws to govern the carrying of weapons concealed on the person, nor prevent passage of legislation providing minimum sentences for crimes committed while in possession of a firearm, nor prevent passage of legislation providing penalties for the possession of firearms by a convicted felon, nor prevent the passage of legislation punishing the use of a firearm. No law shall impose licensure, registration or special taxation on the ownership or possession of firearms or ammunition. Nor shall any law permit the confiscation of firearms, except those actually used in the commission of a felony.”  

 

 

Illinois Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Section 22, Article I of the Illinois Bill of Rights

NOTICE: H.B. 183 recently became law, making Illinois the last state to implement Right to Carry, please see our legislative update. This page will be continually updated as more detailed information becomes available and the new law is implemented. Serious concerns remain about the implementation, cost and issuance of concealed carry licenses in Illinois.  NRA-ILA will continue to update you on developments related to concealed carry in Illinois and fight to ensure that licenses are issued in a timely manner to those law-abiding Illinoisans interested in their inherent right to self-defense.

“Subject only to the police power, the right of the individual citizen to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”  

 

 

Indiana Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1 Section 32.

“The people shall have a right to bear arms, for the defense of themselves and the State.”

 

 

Iowa Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 1.

Iowa has no State Constitutional right to keep and bear arms. However, the Iowa Constitution does guarantee certain inalienable rights—among which are “defending life” and “protecting property.” 

 

 

Kansas Gun Laws TUESDAY, JUNE 30, 2015

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Kansas Bill of Rights Section 4.

“The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and : security; but standing armies in time of peace, are dangerous to • liberty, and shall not be tolerated, and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.”

 

Kentucky Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 1, Paragraph 7.

“All men are by nature, free and equal, and have certain inherent and inalienable rights, among which may be reckoned: ... 7) the right to bear arms in defense of themselves and of the state, subject to the power of the general assembly to enact laws to prevent persons from carrying concealed weapons.” 

 

 

Louisiana Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 11.

"The right of each citizen to keep and bear arms is fundamental and shall not be infringed. Any restriction on this right shall be subject to strict scrutiny."
  
 

 

Maine Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 16. “Every citizen has a right to keep and bear arms and this right shall never be questioned.” 

 

 

Maryland Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

Maryland has no constitutional provision granting a “right to bear arms.”

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION

 

 

Massachusetts Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Declaration of Rights, Article 17.

“The people have a right to keep and bear arms for the common defense. And as, in time of peace, armies are dangerous to liberty, they ought not to be maintained without the consent of the legislature, and the military power shall always be held in an exact subordination to the civil authority, and be governed by it.”

 

 

Michigan Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 6.

“Every person has a right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state.”

 

 

Minnesota Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

 

 

Mississippi Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 3 Section 12.

“The right of every citizen to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person, or property, or in aid of the civil power when thereto legally summoned, shall not be called in question, but the legislature may regulate or forbid carrying concealed weapons.”  

 

 

Missouri Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 23.

That the right of every citizen to keep and bear arms, ammunition, and accessories typical to the normal function of such arms, in defense of his home, person, family and property, or when lawfully summoned in aid of the civil power, shall not be questioned. The rights guaranteed by this section shall be unalienable. Any restriction on these rights shall be subject to strict scrutiny and the state of Missouri shall be obligated to uphold these rights and shall under no circumstances decline to protect against their infringement. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the general assembly from enacting general laws which limit the rights of convicted violent felons or those adjudicated by a court to be a danger to self or others as result of a mental disorder or mental infirmity." 

 

 

Montana Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 2, Section 12.

“The right of any person to keep or bear arms in defense of his own home, person, and property, or in aid of the civil power when thereto legally summoned, shall not be called in question, but nothing herein contained shall be held to permit the carrying of concealed weapons.”

 

 

Nebraska Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Nebraska Constitution art. 1, sec. 1.

“All persons ... have certain ... rights, among these are ... the right to keep and bear arms for security or defense of self, family, home, and others, and for lawful common defense, hunting, recreational use, and all other lawful purposes, and such rights shall not be denied or infringed by the state or any subdivision thereof.” 

 

 

Nevada Gun Laws TUESDAY, JUNE 23, 2015

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 11, Paragraph 1.

“Every citizen has the right to keep and bear arms for security and defense, for lawful hunting and recreational use and for other lawful purposes.”  

 

 

New Hampshire Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Part 1, Article 2-a

“All persons have the right to keep and bear arms in defense of themselves, their families, their property, and the state.”

 

 

New Jersey Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - No Constitutional Provision on the Right to Keep and Bear Arms. However, the New Jersey  Constitution, Art. 1, § 1, does guarantee certain “unalienable” rights, including “defending life,” “protecting property,” and “pursuing and obtaining safety.” 

 

 

New Mexico Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article II, Section 6.

“No law shall abridge the right of the citizen to keep and bear arms for security and defense, for lawful hunting and recreational use and for other lawful purposes, but nothing herein shall be held to permit the carrying of concealed weapons. No municipality or county shall regulate, in any way, an incident of the right to keep and bear arms.” 

 

 

New York Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - None. However, Article 2, Section 4 of the New York Civil Rights Law provides: “A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms cannot be infringed.”

 

 

North Carolina Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 30.

“A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed, and, as standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they shall not be maintained, and the military should be kept under strict subordination to and governed by the civil power. Nothing herein shall justify the practice of carrying concealed weapons, or prevent the General Assembly from enacting penal statutes against that practice.”

 

 

North Dakota Gun Laws TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section l

“All individuals . . . have certain inalienable rights, among which are . . . to keep and bear arms for the defense of their person, family, property, and the state, and for lawful hunting, recreational, and other lawful purposes, which shall not be infringed.”

 

 

Ohio Gun Laws THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 4.

“The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.”

 

 

Oklahoma Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 2, Section 26.

“The right of a citizen to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person, or property, or in aid of the civil power, when thereunto legally summoned, shall never be prohibited, but nothing herein contained shall prevent the legislature from regulating the carrying of weapons.” 

 

Oregon Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 27.

“The people shall have the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of themselves and the state, but the military shall be kept in strict subordination to the civil power.”

 

 

Pennsylvania Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 21.

“The right of the citizens to bear arms in defense of themselves and the State shall not be questioned.”

 

 

Rhode Island Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 22.

“The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

 

 

South Carolina Gun Laws THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 20.

“A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

 

 

South Dakota Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article VI, Section 24.

“The right of the citizens to bear arms in defense of themselves and the state shall not be denied.”

 

 

Tennessee Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 26.

“That the citizens of this State have a right to keep and to bear arms for their common defense; but the Legislature shall have power, by law, to regulate the wearing of arms with a view to prevent crime.”

 

 

Texas Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 23.

“Every citizen shall have the right to keep and bear arms in the lawful defense of himself or the State; but the Legislature shall have power, by law, to regulate the wearing of arms, with a view to prevent crime.”

 

 

Utah Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 6.

“The individual right of the people to keep and bear arms for security and defense of self, family, others, property, or the State as well as for other lawful purposes shall not be infringed; but nothing herein shall prevent the legislature from defining the lawful use of arms.”

 

 

Vermont Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Chapter 1, Article 16.

“That the people have a right to bear arms for the defense of themselves and the State as standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they ought not to be kept up; and that the military should be kept under strict subordination to and governed by the civil power.”

 

 

Virginia Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, MARCH 2, 2016

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 13.

“That a well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state, therefore, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; that standing armies, in time of peace, should be avoided as dangerous to liberty; and that in all cases the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power.”

 

 

Washington Gun Laws THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 24.

“The right of the individual citizen to bear arms in defense of himself, or the state, shall not be impaired, but nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing individuals or corporations to organize, maintain or employ an armed body of men.”

 

West Virginia Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Art. 3, Sec. 22.

A person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of self, family, home, and state, and for lawful hunting and recreational use.

 

 

Wisconsin Gun Laws WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 2014

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - WISC. CONST. art. 1, § 25

The people have the right to keep and bear arms for security, defense, hunting, recreation or any other lawful purpose.

 

 

Wyoming Gun Laws THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 2017

STATE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION - Article 1, Section 24.

“The right of the citizens to bear arms in defense of themselves and the state shall not be denied.”